Play Ball!   The Jenkins Cavalier Baseball League (1948-1951)

Play Ball! The Jenkins Cavalier Baseball League (1948-1951)

Written by Joanna Adams Sergent

In Jenkins Kentucky, there were four small baseball teams. These teams were the miners who played against each other. They were the McRoberts, Jenkins, Burdine, and Fleming. Consolidation Coal Company encouraged the miners to play baseball. Its purpose was to give them something to do. It also increased morale and gave them pride in their communities. This helped build friendships and comradery within the mines. Baseball gave the miners a happier workplace.
The Jenkins team also played in the Class D Mountain States League. Their mascot was the Jenkins Cavalier. The Cavalier was the Consolidation Coal Company moniker. It remains the mascot for the Jenkins Independent School system to this day. The Jenkins Cavaliers played in the Mountain States League from 1948 through 1951. The teams disbanded in 1951.

The Minor League

Date unknown. Jenkins Minor League Baseball Team. The Jenkins Cavaliers. Picture found in the Smithsonian Collection

The minor league had sixteen teams who played against each other from 1948 through 1954. Jenkins would only play in the minors for four years from 1948 through 1951.

During the final season of 1954, the Mountain States League became a Class 6 League. Harlan and Morristown are the only two cities that participated in their entire run. The League disbanded on July 20, 1954, due to several remaining teams leaving the league

The Names of the Teams

  1. Big Stone Gap Rebels
  2. Harlan Smokies
  3. Jenkins Cavaliers
  4. Kingsport Cherokees
  5. Knoxville Smokies
  6. Lexington Colts
  7. Maryville-Alcoa Twins
  8. Morristown Reds
  9. Middlesboro Athletics
  10. Morristown Red Sox
  11. Newport Canners
  12. Norton Braves
  13. Oak Ridge Bombers
  14. Oak Ridge Pioneers
  15. Hazard Bombers
  16. Pennington Gap Miners.
The Jenkins Baseball field 1948 through 1951. The photograph was found in the Smithsonian Institute of Natural History archives.

Jenkins Baseball Record

The 1948 Season ended with a record of 35-78 placing sixth and last in the league standings. The managers that year were Ray Russell, Jack Bell, and Brenton Mays. The Morristown, Tennessee Reds placed first with 33.5 games ahead of Jenkins.


The 1949 Season ended with a record of 63-61. Placing fourth in the league and having qualified for the playoffs. Joe Vitter was the manager that year. The Harlan, Kentucky Smokies placed first with twenty games ahead of Jenkins. During the playoffs, with the final tally of the first-round games 3 to 2. The Jenkins Cavaliers lost to the Morristown Red Sox.


The 1950 Season ended with the record of 58-66 placing fifth in the league standings. Managers for the year were Bob Bowman, Wayne Stewart, and Bill Scopetone. Harlan, Kentucky Smokies won first place with a 22.5 game lead over Jenkins.


The 1951 and final season with a record of 24–101 placing them eighth that year. James Grigg and Tom McBride were the managers. The Hazard, Kentucky Bombers placed first that year with 68.5 games ahead of Jenkins. After this season the Jenkins, Kentucky team folded. The town has not hosted another minor league team since.

The Burdine Baseball Team. Photo found in the Smithsonian Institute.

The Who’s Who of the Jenkins Cavaliers

There are three professional baseball players who played or managed Jenkins.


Robert James Bowman was a professional baseball right-handed pitcher. During the seasons of 1939-1942, he also played for the major leagues. Those teams were the St. Louis Cardinals, the New York Giants, and the Chicago Cubs. Bowman is most infamous for being the pitcher that hit fellow teammate Joe Medwick in the head. An accident that almost cost Medwick his life.


Tom McBride was a professional baseball outfielder. He also played for the Boston Red Sox and the Washington Senators from 1943-1948. He then played in the minor leagues from 1936-1951.


Dominick Thomas Zanni was a professional baseball pitcher. Although Zanni signed with the New York Giants before the 1951 season. Zanni played in the minor leagues and rose through their ranks. Zanni went on to play for the major leagues from 1958-1966. Those teams were the San Francisco Giants, Chicago White Sox, and the Cincinnati Reds.

The Ball Park

Jenkins completed the construction of the field in 1947. Jenkins Athletic Field’s location is across from the Jenkins High School building. This was on Main Street of Jenkins, Kentucky. The field had a 2,000-seat capacity and was also used by the Jenkins High School athletic teams. Both the League and the High School used the field for their home games and practices.

We thank you for continuing to support Kentucky Tennessee Living. As we bring to you the history of the Appalachian Mountains..

For More Information on the Jenkins Minor League Team

Jenkins Cavaliers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenkins_Cavaliers

Jenkins Athletic Field
https://www.statscrew.com/venues/v-1261#:~:text=Following%20are%20the%20minor%20league%20baseball%20teams%20known,35%20%20%2078%20%20%2023%2C276%20

Mountain States League
https://baseball.fandom.com/wiki/Mountain_States_League

Mountain States League (1948–1954)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountain_States_League_(1948%E2%80%931954)

Mountain States League
https://aws.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Mountain_States_League

1948 Mountain States League Standings
https://www.statscrew.com/minorbaseball/standings/l-MTSS/y-1948

Dom Zanni
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dom_Zanni

Tom McBride (baseball)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_McBride_(baseball)

Bob Bowman (a pitcher)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Bowman_(pitcher)

Copyright and Other Information

Copyrighted through a Creative Commons License.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/?fbclid=IwAR21nYphw4Dul-_EwuAmSWgzsvPLNwsMM0FtV75j0y-mGUHq-lCZjJxZot8

For more about us, you can visit our Facebook at:
https://www.facebook.com/kytnliving

We have also joined Twitter at:
https://www.twitter.com/KYTNLiving

Or on our YouTube Channel at:
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCs0oV5gFzIS2JdMJ3HvTOgA

When we forget our past and who we are as a people, then we become who “they” say we are. ~~ David Sergent

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *